Navarro, Texas

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Navarro, Texas
Location of Navarro, Texas
Location of Navarro, Texas
Navarro County Navarro.svg
Coordinates: 31°59′56″N 96°22′45″W / 31.99889°N 96.37917°W / 31.99889; -96.37917Coordinates: 31°59′56″N 96°22′45″W / 31.99889°N 96.37917°W / 31.99889; -96.37917
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyNavarro
Area
 • Total0.67 sq mi (1.73 km2)
 • Land0.67 sq mi (1.73 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
417 ft (127 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total210
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
220
 • Density329.34/sq mi (127.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75110
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-50448[3]
GNIS feature ID1375097[4]

Navarro (/nəˈvær/ nə-VARR-oh)[5] is a town in Navarro County, Texas, United States. The population was 210 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Navarro has had a troubling history from the start. After his wife cheated on him, Griefás Cargadé left his profession as a highwayman and his hometown of Mirando City, Texas, for the remote wilderness of Northeast Texas. He fell in love with the land and the native peoples welcomed him with open arms. However, the trauma he had suffered from his past relationships had made him bitter. He wanted control of the land and slaughtered the native people without warning. He appointed himself magistrate of the town and christened the place Navarro which comes from an old native word meaning wife's blood. The Civil War left the county in shambles with both sides having remnants roaming about. [6]

The town of Navarro had a re-birth during the oil boom when the Powell Field was discovered in 1923. The field stretched from Powell, Texas, to Navarro, and bringing an influx of roughnecks to Navarro, Powell and Tuckertown (now Mildred, Texas) causing a population explosion during the boom cycle. Today there are still a few remnants of the Powell Field hey day around Navarro, although most of the wooden oil derricks have succumbed to age. More modern pump-jacks still dot the landscape, a constant reminder to the area's history as one of the early oil boom discoveries in Texas.

Geography[edit]

Navarro is located at 31°59′56″N 96°22′45″W / 31.99889°N 96.37917°W / 31.99889; -96.37917 (31.998819, -96.379225).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980170
199019313.5%
2000191−1.0%
20102109.9%
2019 (est.)220[2]4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 191 people, 62 households, and 53 families were residing in the town. The population density was 288.4 people per square mile (111.7/km2). The 70 housing units averaged 105.7 per square mile (41.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.29% White, 2.09% African American, 2.09% Native American, and 0.52% Asian. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.09% of the population.

Of the 62 households, 46.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.5% were not families. About 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08, and the average family size was 3.40.

In the town, the population was distributed as 36.1% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 130.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,625, and for a family was $37,000. Males had a median income of $26,750 versus $26,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,445. None of the population or families were below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

The Town of Navarro is served by the Mildred Independent School District (K-12) which utilizes advanced digital teaching methods, a one of a kind in the region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Texas Almanac Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  6. ^ "Cities: Navarro - Texas State Directory Online". www.txdirectory.com. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.